PhilRice Releases Tungro-Resistant, High-Yield Rice Varieties
Aug 29, 2012 - 13:17:18

The Philippine Rice Institute (PhilRice) and the University of the Philippines-Los Baños have released two new varieties of rice which they claim can withstand "tungro" attacks.

Tungro (meaning degenerated growth) is a virus that harms the growth in rice plants, and reduces yields by 80% to 100% along with the number of tillers or shoots. The virus infestation was first seen in the Philippines, but has also been recorded in India, Indonesia, and Malaysia. Experts say that growing resistant varieties is the best option against tungro attacks as plants cant be cured once they are infested by the virus.

The two new varieties released by PhilRice - Mestiso 19 (NSIC Rc202H) and Mestiso 20 (NSIC Rc204H) - were tested in the Philippines during the dry season and reportedly withstood Tungro infestations that were present in test fields, according to a farmer who had participated in the field tests.

"Mestiso 19 (NSIC Rc202H) and Mestiso 20 (NSIC Rc204H) produced high number of tillers and exhibited resistance to tungro in a series of adaptability trials conducted in Cagayan, Leyte, Aurora, and Palawan during this years dry season," said PhilRice.

PhilRice says the paddy yield from Mestiso 19 could reach up to 10.7 tons per hectare while Mestiso 20 can yield up to 11.7 tons per hectare.

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Cambodian Rice Quotes

(Update: 2014-April-21)
Variety

&

Percentage

Premium
Jasmine
Rice
(PhkaMalis/
Rumduol)
Purity
=
90%
Wet Season
Jasmine
Rice
(Phka Malis/ Rumduol)
Purity
=
82%
Wet Season
Fragrant Rice
(Sen Kra Ob)
Dry Season
Long Grain White Rice IR

5%
880 850 735 440
10% --- --- --- 430
25% --- --- --- 405
A1 Extra Super 620

A1 Super
430

355
FOB Term US$ / MT Phnom Penh or Sihanouk Ville Port

Cambodian Premium Red and Organic Rice Quotes

(Update: 2014-April-21)

Variety

&

Percentage
Organic (Phka Malis)
Jasmine Rice
= 92%
Wet Season
Organic Brown Jasmine Rice
(Phka Malis)
Purity
= 92%
Wet Season
Red Jasmine Rice
(Phka Malis)

Wet Season
5%

1,375 1,230 890
10% --- --- ---
25% --- --- ---
A1 Extra Super


A1 Super



FOB Term US$ / MT Phnom Penh or Sihanouk Ville Port


World Rice Quotes Comparison

(Update: 2014-April-18)
Country
Variety
CAMBODIA VIET THAI IND PAK USA
Jasmine Rice

880 --- 935 --- --- ---
Fragrant Rice 735 --- --- --- --- ---
White Rice
100% B
--- --- 400 --- --- ---
White Rice
5%
440 385 380 430 410 605
White Rice
10%
430 375 370 --- 400 600
White Rice
15%
420 370 365 --- 390 590
White Rice
25%
405 360 350 380 365 ---
Parboiled Rice --- --- 430 415 420 ---
FOB Term US$ / MT


Cambodian Rice Exported by Months From Year 2011 to 2014 Per / Tones

Monthly 2011 2012 2013 2014
1. January 6,798 9,703 25,726 21,536
2. February 5,089 14,417 24,089 27,037
3. March 12,534 12,310 45,413 35,757
4. April 17,946 15,036 23,276 84,330
5. May 20,520 13,115 28,350 ---
6. June 4,274 13,426 29,105 ---
7. July 12,703 20,527 31,411 ---
8. August 20,404 15,530 29,358 ---
9. September 14,384 15,169 29,395 ---
10. October 19,067 16,967 28,031 ---
11. November 9,559 25,189 37,855 ---
12. December 44,905 34,328 46,847 ---
Yearly Export 201,899 205,717 378,856 ---
MOT- Sources: Secretariat One Window Service (SOWS-REF) for rice export.

( Top Countries Imported Cambodian Rice Monthly 2014
)
Monthly
/Tons
FRA POL MAL
NET CHINA THAI
Year 2013 57,308 55,879 51,823 29,699 28,302 23,550
2014 FRA POL MAL
NET CHINA BEL
Jan 5,897 1,951 1,633 2,053 892 837
Feb 6,501 3,657 3,588 3,277 2,184 1,332
Mar 5,781 6,994 2,967 3,150 2,544 2,348
Apr ... ... ...
... ... ...
May ... ... ...
... ... ...
June ...
...
...
.... ... ...
July ...
...
...
... ... ...
Aug ...
...
...
...
... ...
Sep ... ... ... ... ... ...
Oct ... ... ... ... ... ...
Nov ... ... ... ... ... ...
Dec ... ... ... ... ... ...
12
months
18,179 12,602 81,88 8,480 5,620 4,517



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